Population: 4.562 inhabitants
Altitude: m 683 s.l.m.
Area: 18,400 kmq
Postal Code: 71010
Already from the name one can perceive the peculiarity of the place: Ischitella dervies from "ischio" a type of oak tree that you come across quite easily in this area. A naturally breathtaking landscape, therefore surrounds this small urban centre of the Gargano, from its not well documented origins, but who earned a great importance in history during the XIII century, as it fell at the hands of the Swabians one of the most notable cultural workshops in Southern Italy. This historical quality is transmitted even today strolling through the streets of the historical centre, making it one of the most striking medieval centres of the Gargano.
A characteristc village in the heart of the Gargano, perched half-way up the slope, with white terraced homes, and narrow and winding streets the overlook the sea. The city has very ancient origins. Tradition says that the inhabitants of Uriah, scourged from malaria, headed straight for the surrounding high grounds (Carpino, Cagnano, Ischitella). The first document that registers the name of Ischitella dates back to 1058. Pope Stefano IX, took the Calena abbey, near Peschici, under his protection , with all its belongings including the , "cell of Saint Peter of Ischitella". Noted for its geographical position it was a solid fortress with sturdy walls, almost untouchable. In the Angionian era they were under the feudalism of the Gentiles, counts of Lesina and subsequently passed to the nobles Isardo, De Cunio, De Capua, Ianvilla and to Giovanni D'Angiò (brother of King Roberto).
It was Prince John who gave the fief to the beautiful Agnes of Peregord, the woman who inspired Boccaccio to write "Il Decamerone".
Ischitella, finally belonged to the nobles Durazzo, Bulgarello, Dentice, De Sangro, Turibolo, and Pinto. Urbanistically, the town has an old part called "The Land" and a new section called "Bridge". Double the toponym of the town: Ischio (oak), tellus (earth/land); Schit (lemma dialect: lonely), tellus. It would therefore be "Land of Oak" or "Lonely Land". Today the economic fabric of the city consists of agriculture, mixed with fishing and trade.
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